Requirements for the Ph.D. in Modern European History
Graduate students in Modern European history do a “general field” in Modern Europe, which typically includes continental Europe, not including Russia.  The “general field” can be modified to suit the specific interests of a given student.  In addition, Ph.D. students in Modern Europe chose a “special field” which can be a particular country (Germany, France, Habsburg Monarchy, for example), a particular century, or a special theme (women and gender, technology, military history, the Catholic Church, for example). 
Language Requirements:
For admission: students must know the language of the country or region in which they are interested.  All Ph.D. students must demonstrate proficiency in the language of the country/region in which they are interested plus another European language